Bitcoin dropped the most in more than a week and led digital coins lower after Japanese regulators hit six of the country’s biggest cryptocurrency trading venues with business-improvement orders.
The crackdown surprised investors, ending what was about to be the first winning week since early June for the most-liquid tokens. The MVIS CryptoCompare Digital Assets 10 Index tumbled as much as 7.1 percent on Friday. The gauge fell in five of the past six weeks.
Some of the targets were quick to react. Bitflyer Inc. said it would stop accepting new customers and also review identity verification for some existing users after it received an order from Japan’s Financial Services Agency. The FSA called for improved measures at all the exchanges against money laundering. The companies must submit their plans by July 23.
Peer-to-peer money has come under fresh pressure in recent weeks after two South Korean exchanges said they were hacked. That raised fresh concerns about the security of investor holdings. New pressure in Japan, one of the most crypto-friendly jurisdictions, demonstrated the market’s fragility to regulatory moves in the absence of much positive news.
“The market is still trading on low volumes and has yet to break out of its current downtrend, leaving itself susceptible to sell-offs,” said Ryan Rabaglia, head trader with cryptocurrency dealing firm Octagon Strategy Ltd. in Hong Kong, in an email. “Although the market reacted negatively, I view this as a positive for the industry as a whole.”
Bitcoin, the largest cryptocurrency, sank as much as 6.3 percent and was trading at $6,357.08, down 5.4 percent, at 12:34 p.m. in London, according to consolidated Bloomberg pricing. It has lost about 56 percent this year. Ethereum and Litecoin both retreated by more than 7 percent.
QUOINE, Bitbank, BTCBOX, BITPoint Japan and Tech Bureau were the other exchanges penalized by the FSA. While Japan created a regulatory framework for exchanges last year that proved a lure for bourses, the $500 million heist in January at Coincheck Inc. prompted the country’s regulators to increase scrutiny of the industry.
In April, bitFlyer tightened its anti-money laundering rules after the Nikkei newspaper reported that users could perform some limited functions without fully completing customer verification.
Yuzo Kano, bitFlyer’s chief executive officer, apologized on Friday for the FSA sanctions. “We deeply apologize for causing concerns and inconvenience,” he said in a tweet. “We take this order seriously and will make all efforts to improve our operations.”
Transactions on bitFlyer averaged about $2 billion a day during late April and early May, thanks in large part to Bitcoin margin contracts popular with Japanese day-traders. The venue had 2 million users, Bloomberg reported last month.
“The market is quite soft, with liquidity lower across the board, especially compared to recent quarters,” said Tiantian Zhang Kullander, a partner of Amber AI Group, a crypto hedge fund. “The FSA punishing operators, the BIS report and the Bithumb hack are all affecting sentiment.”